Wednesday, December 6, 2023

General Outlook of Hamedan Province

• Hamedan Province Geography and its Borders:
Hamedan province with an area of 19491 km2 in the west of Iran is located between 33˚and 59' to 35˚and 44' of northern latitude and 47˚and 47' to 49˚and 30' of eastern longitude from Greenwich meridian. This province is limited in the north by Zanjan and Qazvin provinces and in the south by Lorestan, in the east by Markazi and in the west by Kermanshah and some parts of Kordestan province. According to the latest divisions of the country, Hamedan province has 9 townships (Hamedan, Bahar, Razan, Asad Abad, Tuyserkan, Nahavand, Malayer, Kaboudarahang and Famenin), 27 towns, 23 districts, 72 villages and 1085 rural communities.

• District and Climate:
Hamedan province is located in the west region of Iran and in a high and mountainous land, with a highest and lowest altitudinal discrepancy of over 2000 meters. The altitude of the highest point of Hamedan province (Alvand Peak) is 3574 meters above sea level and the altitude of the lowest point (Omar Abad, part of Pishkhor village) is 1555 meters above sea level. Generally, Hamedan climate is affected by the Mediterranean climate which comes from the west part of Iran. The province condition and its relatively high altitude, causes some moist masses and rainy climate, which comes from the west part of Iran to fall most part of its dampness and moisture.

• Township's of Hamedan Province:
 Hamedan: Hamedan city is located in the central region of the province, and in an area of 2831 km2 (14.5% of Hamedan's area). According to the latest country divisions, the city consists of two central districts: Markazi and Sharae which equals to 8 percent of the total number of districts in Hamedan province, 9 villages equals to 12% of the total number of villages in Hamedan province, and 4 cities (Hamedan, Maryanaj, Qahavand and Joraqan) equal to 15% of the total number of Hamedan townships.
Hamedan province, from the natural point of view is located in a mountainous region. Alvand mountain range is located in the south part of the city and the height of its tallest peak from the sea level is 3574 meters. The most important rivers of Hamedan, which in turn are the origin of many other rivers in Iran, are: Ghrechai, Yalfan and Abas Abad.
The most important feature of this city is its city map, which was designed by German engineers and is known as the radius map. It means, 6 main streets in a parallel design are connected to the main square and some Boulevards just like the first and second rings have interrupted them which are unique and rare in its form. At the beginning of every main street you can see 2 silvery domes, they are 12 in numbers and each are devoted to one of the Iranian's holy Imams, which clearly shows that Hamedan was a religious city from the old days.

Malayer: Malayer covers an area about 3209 km2 and it forms 16.5% of the province's area, from the geographical point of view it is limited in north by Hamedan and Tuyserkan, in south by Lorestan, in east by Markazi and in west by Nahavand. According to the latest country divisions it has 5 towns: Azandarian, Samen, Malayer, Jokar and Zangene, and also 4 districts named: Jokar, Zand, Samen and Markazi. It has also 15 villages and 208 rural communities. Malayer has a cold and semi-arid climate.

Tuyserkan: Tuyserkan with an area of 1555 km² forms 8% of the land area of the province. According to the latest country divisions Tuyserkan has 3 towns named: Tuyserkan, Serkan and Farasfaj and it has also 2 districts called: Markazi and Ghelghel rood, 7 villages and 108 rural communities. Tuyserkan has a semi-arid and cold climate and the type of its raining is similar to the Mediterranean districts.

Nahavand: Nahavand with an area of 1536 km² forms 7.87% of the land area of the province. This area is located in the south-west of Hamedan province and it is limited in north by Tuyserkan, in north-west and west by Kermanshah, in south by Lorestan and in east by Malayer. According to the latest country divisions, Nahavand has 4 towns named: Nahavand, Firouzan, Barzul and Giyan, 4 main districts: Markazi, Zarin Dasht, Khezel and Giyan, 9 villages and 169 rural communities. Nahavand has a semi-arid and cold climate and the type of its raining is similar to the Mediterranean districts.

Kaboudarahang: Kaboudarahang with an area of 3815 km² forms 19.6% of the land area of the province. This area has 3 towns named: Kaboudarahang (as a center of township), Shirin Sou, and Gol Tape, 10 villages and 128 rural communities. Kaboudarahang has a cold and semi-arid climate and its raining type is similar to the Mediterranean districts. The highest point of the city lies at an altitude of 2898 meters above sea level.

Razan: Razan in a wide area of 2728 km² has allocated 14% of the land area of the province. This area is limited in north by Zanjan and Qazvin, in south by the city of Hamedan, in west by Kaboudarahang and in east by Markazi province. According to the latest country divisions, Razan has 3 towns named: Razan, Ghorveh Darjazin and Damagh, also 3 districts named: Markazi, Ghorveh Darjazin and Sard Rood, 7 villages and 126 rural communities. The city's climate is cold and dry and its raining is similar to the Mediterranean districts.

Asad Abad: Asad Abad with an area of about 1196 km² forms nearly about 6.1% of the province's area. This township is limited in north-west by Kordestan and in east and north-east by Bahar. According to the country divisions, it has 1 city place called Asad Abad, 6 villages and 99 rural communities. Furthermore, it has semi-cold climate and its raining is similar to the Mediterranean districts.

Bahar: Bahar is one of the nine townships of Hamedan province which covers an area about 1334 km² and makes up nearly about 7% of the province's area. According to the recent divisions of the country, it has 3 main districts named: (Markazi, Lalejin, Saleh Abad), 3 towns (Bahar, Saleh Abad, and Lalejin), 6 villages and 70 rural communities. On the environmental point of view, it has dry climate and its raining is similar to the Mediterranean districts.

Famenin: Famenin is located in the north-east of the province. This area is limited in north by Razan, in south by Hamedan city, in east by Markazi province and in west by Kaboudarahang. Famenin has 2 districts, 1 city and 4 rural districts which covers an area of about 1287 km², and makes up 6.7% of the total area of the province. The city is one of the most important centers of agricultural production in the province.

• Population of Hamedan Province:
According to the 2016 census of population and housing of Hamedan province, the province's population has been declared about 1738224 people including 504554 employed, 53023 unemployed and 887676 disabled people. Looking at the table below, 49% of the population are men and 51% of them are women in the form of 538803 households.

Population Characteristics of Hamedan Province based on the Census of Population and Housing in 2016

Total populationof the province

1738224 persons

Female population

857916 persons

Male population

880318 persons

Employed population of the province

504554 persons

Unemployed people of the province

53023 persons

Inactive population of the province

887676 persons

Population living in urban areas of the province

1097217 persons

Population living in rural areas of the province

6392005 persons

Non-resident population of the province

2012 persons

Percentage of urban population


Percentage of rural population


Total number of households in the province

538803 households

Number of households living in urban areas

343606  households

Number of households living in rural areas

194698  households

Number of non-resident households

499 households

• Hamedan Higher Education:
Nowadays, all training experts and specialists believe that learning necessary and required skills for different professions has been considered as a social inevitable necessity which has a great importance and a special place in the development. This particular importance in its specific form arises from this fact that humans with the help of training and learning will be able to fulfill their unlimited potentials and capabilities. Skilled manpower is one of the most important data of the new economy, since a prerequisite for any change, evolution and socio-economic development requires thoughtful human beings and may be this is why the economy and society experts call human resources as professional asset and capital of a society. So, paying attention to this important matter and doing investment to provide this national capital has a special importance and priority. Noticing the efficiency of the educational system and its important mission to ensure skilled manpower, required for other sectors of economic, social and cultural has a major impact on national productivity and development of the country.

Higher Education Indicators


Number of students in the province

88427 persons

Number of male students

47074 persons

Number of female students

41353 persons

Number of A.A students

15380 persons

Number of B.A students

56519 persons

Number of M.A students and higher

16528 persons

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